What is it?
Urethral caruncles are benign lesions in the urethra, that are most commonly found in women who have gone through the menopause. They are stalk-like and hang from part of the urethra.
Caruncles are more common in women who don’t use hormone therapy replacement (HRT) after menopause. They are often discovered during a medical exam for another health problem.
Overall, they are not a common condition.
The symptoms of a urethral caruncle are:
- Bleeding when passing urine
- Pain when passing urine
- Needing to pass urine frequently
- A sudden urge to pass urine
- Tenderness around the urethra
The treatment will depend on the caruncle in each individual patient. A urologist will be able to advise if cream or HRT can be used, but if it is large or causing other problems, then it may need additional treatment such as surgery. Furthermore, if the diagnosis is uncertain, then surgery may be used to try and provide more answers.